Cold War

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The USA and USSR were the two superpowers during the Cold War, each leading its own sphere of influence. Here Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev meet in 1985.

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The Cold War was the period of conflict, tension and competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies from the mid-1940s until the early 1990s. Throughout this period, the rivalry between the two superpowers unfolded in multiple arenas: military coalitions; ideology, psychology, and espionage; sports; military, industrial, and technological developments, including the space race; costly defense spending; a massive conventional and nuclear arms race; and many proxy wars.