Future with Present Continuous

Subject            + to be            + base-ing

She                        is                                meeting

 Function

The present continuous is used to talk about arrangements for events at a time later than now.

 There is a suggestion that more than one person is aware of the event, and that some preparation has already happened.

Example:

I'm meeting Jim at the airport = and both Jim and I have discussed this.

I am leaving tomorrow. = and I've already bought my train ticket.

More examples:

Is she seeing him tomorrow?

He isn't working next week.

Note: in the first example, seeing is used in a continuous form because it means meeting.

BE CAREFUL! The simple present is used when a future event is part of a programme or time-table. Notice the difference between:

 a. We're having a staff meeting next Monday.

 b. We have a staff meeting next Monday (= we have a meeting every Monday, it's on the time-table.)

Function

The simple present is used to make statements about events at a time later than now, when the statements are based on present facts, and when these facts are something fixed like a time-table, schedule, calendar.

Examples

 The plane arrives at 18.00 tomorrow.

 She has a yoga class tomorrow morning.

 The restaurant opens at 19.30 tonight.

 Next Thursday at 14.00 there is an English exam.

 Note the difference between:

 The plane leaves in ten minutes (= statement of fact)

 The plane's going to leave in ten minutes (= prediction based on present situation, meaning "...and if you don't hurry up you're going to miss it!")

Последнее изменение: Friday, 14 December 2012, 18:56