Read about three wars
|Сайт:||Санкт-Петербургский центр оценки качества образования и информационных технологий|
|Курс:||Английский язык (10 класс)|
|Книга:||Read about three wars|
|Дата:||Saturday, 29 February 2020, 14:05|
Read about three wars
World War I
War broke out (when the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire was assassinated) between Germany, Austro-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey on the one hand and Britain, France, Russia and Serbia on the other. The latter countries were later joined by Italy and Greece. Russia left the war after the outbreak of its revolution. A combination of new weapons and old tactics resulted in war on a huge scale and a vast death toll. Governments concealed the extend of the slaughter by publishing false statistics. It was the first war to use whole population – men were forced to join the armed forces and women were forced to work in arms factories and on farms. Poison surrendered at 11 a.m. on 11 November, 1918. On every anniversary of this day the war dead are remembered in religious services throughout the world.
World War II:
Militaristic and nationalistic governments rose power in Germany, Italy and Japan as a result of the depression in the 1930s and the Versailles Treaty at the end of World War I, which was seen by Germany as unfair. Global war broke out with Germany's invasion of Poland. The leaders of the 'Allied' powers were Russia, Britain and the USA; the leaders of the opposing 'Axis' powers were Germany, Italy and Japan. The war saw the first use of large-scale bombing raids against civilians by both sides.
The Vietnam War
Vietnam was a French colony. The Vietnamese began fighting against the French in 1949 with help from the new Chinese republic. In 1954, after the Vietnamese defeated the French in a decisive battle (Dien Bien Phu), the country was divided into the Communist North and the US-backed South. In 1963, the South Vietnamese president was assassinated in a coup, which prompted increased US military intervention. The US began bombing the North in 1965. In 1968, US troops killed hundreds of unarmed Vietnamese villagers in My Lai. In 1970, the US secretly began bombing Cambodia, Which they believed was helping the Communists. The last US troops left Vietnam in 1973. North and South Vietnam were reunited in 1976.