FUTURE WITH GOING TO
This form is composed of three elements:
The appropriate form of the verb 'to be' + going to + the infinitive of the main verb:
Subject 'to be' going to infinitive
She is going leave
The use of 'going to' to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present. The time is not important - it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on a present situation, that we know about. So it is used:
- to refer to our plans and intentions: We're going to move to London next year. (= the plan is in our minds now.)
- to make predictions based on present evidence: Look at those clouds - it's going to pour with rain! (= It's clear from what I can see now.)
Note: In everyday speech, 'going to' is often shortened to 'gonna', especially in American English.
- Plans and intentions: Is Freddy going to buy a new car soon? I think Nigel and Mary are going to have a party next week.
- Predictions based on present evidence: There's going to be a terrible accident! He's going to be a brilliant politician.
NOTE: It is unusual to say 'I'm going to go to...'
Instead, we use 'going to' + a place or event:
We are going to the beach tomorrow.
She is going to the ballet tonight.