This form is composed of three elements:

 The appropriate form of the verb 'to be' + going to + the infinitive of the main verb:

Subject             'to be'              going to          infinitive

She                     is                    going                leave


The use of 'going to' to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present. The time is not important - it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on a present situation, that we know about. So it is used:

  • to refer to our plans and intentions: We're going to move to London next year. (= the plan is in our minds now.)
  • to make predictions based on present evidence: Look at those clouds - it's going to pour with rain! (= It's clear from what I can see now.)

Note: In everyday speech, 'going to' is often shortened to 'gonna', especially in American English.

  • Plans and intentions: Is Freddy going to buy a new car soon? I think Nigel and Mary are going to have a party next week.
  • Predictions based on present evidence:  There's going to be a terrible accident! He's going to be a brilliant politician.

NOTE: It is unusual to say 'I'm going to go to...'

 Instead, we use 'going to' + a place or event:


We are going to the beach tomorrow.

 She is going to the ballet tonight.

Последнее изменение: Friday, 14 December 2012, 18:57